What is data protection Upsc?

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What do you mean by data protection?

Data protection is the process of safeguarding important information from corruption, compromise or loss. The importance of data protection increases as the amount of data created and stored continues to grow at unprecedented rates.

What is data protection India?

While India does not have a data protection law yet, it does have a set of rules under the IT Act that regulate how businesses use sensitive personal data. But the rules have barely been enforced. To avoid a similar fate, the new law should establish a robust regulator.

What is GDPR Upsc?

What is General Data Protection Regulation about? The GDPR redefines the understanding of the individual’s relationship with their personal data. It relates to an identifiable living individual and includes names, email IDs, ID card numbers, physical and IP addresses.

What is data protection 2019 India?

The Personal Data Protection Bill was then introduced in India’s parliament on December 11, 2019. It set the rules for how personal data should be processed and stored, and lists people’s rights with respect to their personal information.

Why is data protection important?

Data protection is important, since it prevents the information of an organization from fraudulent activities, hacking, phishing, and identity theft. Any organization that wants to work effectively need to ensure the safety of their information by implementing a data protection plan.

Why Is Data Protection Act important?

Why is the Data Protection Act important? The Data Protection Act is important because it provides guidance and best practice rules for organisations and the government to follow on how to use personal data including: Regulating the processing of personal data. Protecting the rights of the data subject.

What is data protection in cyber law?

Data Protection refers to the set of privacy laws, policies and procedures that aim to minimise intrusion into one’s privacy caused by the collection, storage and dissemination of personal data.

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What is Article 21 of the Indian Constitution?

As you all know, Article 21 deals with one of the fundamental Rights guaranteed by the Constitution of India. The Right to Protection of Life and personal liberty is the main object of Article 21 and it is a right guaranteed against State Action as distinguished from violation of such right by private individuals.

Is right to privacy a fundamental right Upsc?

The Puttaswamy judgement holds that the right to privacy is protected as a fundamental constitutional right under Articles 14, 19 and 21 of the Constitution of India.

What is the Data Protection Act 2018 UK?

The Data Protection Act 2018 controls how your personal information is used by organisations, businesses or the government. The Data Protection Act 2018 is the UK’s implementation of the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR).

Which is personal data?

Personal data is information that relates to an identified or identifiable individual. What identifies an individual could be as simple as a name or a number or could include other identifiers such as an IP address or a cookie identifier, or other factors.

When was Data Protection Bill introduced in Parliament?

The PDP bill was first introduced in Lok Sabha on December 11, 2019. The bill was referred to Joint Parliamentary Committee, which tabled its report in Lok Sabha on December 16, 2021.

What are the requirements of data protection?

Summary of the GDPR’s 10 key requirements

  • Lawful, fair and transparent processing.
  • Limitation of purpose, data and storage.
  • Data subject rights.
  • Consent.
  • Personal data breaches.
  • Privacy by design.
  • Data protection impact assessment.
  • Data transfers.

What are some good data protection techniques?

However, here are 7 of the most effective data security techniques that you can try to secure your data.

  • Data encryption.
  • Backup and recovery optimization.
  • Data masking.
  • Row level security.
  • Promote transparency and compliance.
  • Cyber insurance.
  • Work with experts in data.

Who made the Data Protection Act?

The Data Protection Act 1998 (DPA, c. 29) was an Act of Parliament of the United Kingdom designed to protect personal data stored on computers or in an organised paper filing system. It enacted provisions from the European Union (EU) Data Protection Directive 1995 on the protection, processing, and movement of data.

How many principles of data protection are there?

The GDPR (General Data Protection Regulation) outlines six data protection principles that summarise its many requirements. These are an essential resource for those trying to understand how to achieve compliance.

Is privacy a right?

​In Griswold, the Supreme Court found a right to privacy, derived from penumbras of other explicitly stated constitutional protections. The Court used the personal protections expressly stated in the First, Third, Fourth, Fifth, and Ninth Amendments to find that there is an implied right to privacy in the Constitution.

What is data security and privacy?

Data security protects data from malicious threats; data privacy addresses responsible governance or use of that data. When developing data security policies, the focus of protection measures is on preventing unauthorized access to data.

Who wrote article 21?

This article is written by Shruti Singh, a student at Lloyd Law College, Greater Noida. In this article, she discusses the Constitution of India, Article 21.

Has the Personal Data Protection Bill been passed?

The government has withdrawn the Personal Data Protection Bill from Parliament as it considers a “comprehensive legal framework” to regulate the online space, including bringing separate laws on data privacy, the overall Internet ecosystem, cybersecurity, telecom regulations, and harnessing non-personal data to boost …

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How do you use right to be forgotten?

In Article 17, the GDPR outlines the specific circumstances under which the right to be forgotten applies. An individual has the right to have their personal data erased if: The personal data is no longer necessary for the purpose an organization originally collected or processed it.

Which article deals with right to privacy?

The court observed that the right to privacy has been recognized as a part of Article 21 of the constitution and the statutory provisions contained in Sec. 8(j) of the RTI Act, 2005 have been enacted by the legislatures in recognition of the constitutional protection of privacy.

What is puttaswamy case UPSC?

IAS Exam Latest Updates

In the Puttaswamy Case, the Supreme Court bench gave a unanimous judgment upholding that each individual has a basic right to privacy under the Indian Constitution which is mentioned in Article 21. Multiple Important Supreme Court judgments have altered the landscape of Indian polity and law.

What is the difference between data protection and GDPR?

The GDPR gives Member States scope to balance the right to privacy with the right to freedom of expression and information. The DPA provides an exemption from certain requirements of personal data protection in respect of personal data processed for publication in the public interest.

Why was the Data Protection Act created?

The Data Protection Act gives individuals the right of access to information about themselves which is held by an organisation, and sets out how personal information should be collected, stored and processed.

WHAT IS IT Act 2000 of India?

[9th June, 2000] An Act to provide legal recognition for transactions carried out by means of electronic data interchange and other means of electronic communication, commonly referred to as “electronic commerce”, which involve the use of alternatives to paper-based methods of communication and storage of information, …

What data is considered sensitive?


  • personal data revealing racial or ethnic origin, political opinions, religious or philosophical beliefs;
  • trade-union membership;
  • genetic data, biometric data processed solely to identify a human being;
  • health-related data;
  • data concerning a person’s sex life or sexual orientation.

What are the 3 types of personal information?

For example, personal information may include: an individual’s name, signature, address, phone number or date of birth. sensitive information. credit information.

Is age a personal data?

It can be as obviously identifiable data as name, but it can also be a combination of “innocent” data such as age, height/weight, wealth, job position, company, city, etc.

How many lawful bases are under GDPR?

You must have a valid lawful basis in order to process personal data. There are six available lawful bases for processing. No single basis is ‘better’ or more important than the others – which basis is most appropriate to use will depend on your purpose and relationship with the individual.

What are the 4 principles of the Data Protection Act?

Data minimisation. Accuracy. Storage limitation. Integrity and confidentiality (security)

Who is responsible for data protection compliance?

According to the GDPR, a business/organisation is responsible for complying with all data protection principles and is also responsible for demonstrating compliance. The GDPR provides businesses/organisations with a set of tools to help demonstrate accountability, some of which have to be mandatorily put in place.

What are the 8 principles of data protection?

The Eight Principles of Data Protection

  • Fair and lawful.
  • Specific for its purpose.
  • Be adequate and only for what is needed.
  • Accurate and up to date.
  • Not kept longer than needed.
  • Take into account people’s rights.
  • Kept safe and secure.
  • Not be transferred outside the EEA.

What are three principles of the Data Protection Act?

Principles of Data Protection

  • Lawfulness, fairness, and transparency: Any processing of personal data should be lawful and fair.
  • Purpose Limitation: Personal data should only be collected for specified, explicit, and legitimate purposes and not further processed in a manner that is incompatible with those purposes.

What is the best data security?

Use data encryption.

Encryption is one of the most fundamental data security best practices, yet it is often overlooked. All critical business data should be encrypted while at rest or in transit, whether via portable devices or over the network.

Which is a safe method to protect data privacy?

Use strong passwords

Make sure you, your staff, volunteers, and anyone else involved in your operations uses strong passwords – including smartphones, laptops, tablets, email accounts and computers.

What is data protection breach?

A personal data breach means a breach of security leading to the accidental or unlawful destruction, loss, alteration, unauthorised disclosure of, or access to, personal data.

What is the most important data privacy principles?

Generally, these principles include: Purpose limitation. Fairness, lawfulness, and transparency. Data minimization.

When was the first Data Protection Act?

1987. The Data Protection Act came fully into force on 11 November.

Is Data Protection Act still valid?

The ‘applied GDPR’ provisions (that were part of Part 2 Chapter 3) enacted in 2018 were removed with effect from 1 Jan 2021 and are no longer relevant. The processing of manual unstructured data and processing for national security purposes now fall under the scope of the UK GDPR regime.

What are the main aims of the Data Protection Act?

What is the purpose of the Data Protection Act? The Act seeks to empower individuals to take control of their personal data and to support organisations with their lawful processing of personal data.

What are protection principles?

Protection Principles

Protection Principle 1: Avoid exposing people to further harm as a result of your actions. Protection Principle 2: Ensure people’s access to impartial assistance – in proportion to need and without discrimination.

What is a Data Protection Act in India called?

The Personal Data Protection Bill 2019 (PDP Bill 2019) was tabled in the Indian Parliament by the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology on 11 December 2019.

What is data protection India?

While India does not have a data protection law yet, it does have a set of rules under the IT Act that regulate how businesses use sensitive personal data. But the rules have barely been enforced. To avoid a similar fate, the new law should establish a robust regulator.

Is data privacy a human right?

“Data Privacy is a Human Right.” In several countries, the right to internet access has been made law. Some countries are required to work to ensure broad access and are prevented from unreasonably restricting citizens’ access to the internet.

What is data protection and privacy?

Data privacy defines who has access to data, while data protection provides tools and policies to actually restrict access to the data. Compliance regulations help ensure that user’s privacy requests are carried out by companies, and companies are responsible to take measures to protect private user data.

What are the methods of data security?

Data security encompasses company activity on applications and platforms by using techniques like data masking, data erasure, and backup storage. Other tactics involve encryption, tokenization, authentication (like biometric verification), and key management.

What is 86th Amendment Act?

The Eighty-sixth Amendment of the Constitution of India, provides Right to Education for the age of six to fourteen years and Early childhood care until the age of six.