Enshrined in the Indian constitution, Article 51 (G) states the following: “It shall be the duty of every citizen of India to protect and improve the natural environment including forests, lakes, rivers and wild life, and to have compassion for living creatures.”
Who protects wildlife India?
Penalties are predescribed in section 51. Enforcement can be performed by agencies such as the Forest Department, the Wildlife Crime Control Bureau (WCCB), the Customs and the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI).
Who is responsible for the protection of wildlife?
The customs department is responsible for intercepting any consignment containing illegal wildlife trade products. India’s porous border with Nepal, Myanmar and Bangladesh is often used to transport such products. India has more than 600 Protected Areas (PA) to conserve wildlife.
Which act of India protects the rights of wildlife?
India Code: Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972. Go! Long Title: An Act to provide for the protection of wild animals, birds and plants and for matters connected therewith or ancillary or incidental thereto with a view to ensuring the ecological and environmental security of the country.
Who owns wildlife in India?
Any animal trophy, article, or uncured trophy or meat derived from the animals referred above will also belong to the government. If the animal is hunted in a sanctuary or national park declared by the central government, then that property shall belong to the central government under Section 39(1).
How can we protect wildlife in India?
6 Important Methods for Conservation of Wildlife in India
- Habitat management:
- Establishment of protected area:
- Rehabilitation of Endangered species:
- Captive breeding programme:
- Mass education:
- Promulgation of laws:
Who is the wildlife of India?
India is home to several well-known large animals, including the Indian elephant, Indian rhinoceros, Bengal tiger, Asiatic lion, Indian leopard, snow leopard, and clouded leopard.
How do we protect wildlife?
Tips. Always carry adequate water in a non-plastic container and use bio-degradable materials while visiting Protected Areas (PA). Keep seated in your vehicle during the visit to the wildlife parks and remain calm and composed even when you sight wildlife. Maintain silence so as not to disturb them.
WHO declared wildlife sanctuary in India?
The central government has the power to declare sanctuaries or national parks if the government is satisfied by the conditions which are given in section 35.
Who provide protection to birds and animals?
(2) The State Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, apply the provisions of this Act to any kind of wild bird or animal, other than those specified in the Schedule, which, in its opinion, it is desirable to protect or preserve.
When was Wildlife Protection Act implemented in India?
The Wildlife Protection Act was enacted by the Indian Parliament in 1972. This Act provides protection of the wildlife (flora and fauna) in the country.
Which country is rich in wildlife?
#1: Brazil. Brazil is the Earth’s biodiversity champion. Between the Amazon rainforest and Mata Atlantica forest, the woody savanna-like cerrado, the massive inland swamp known as the Pantanal, and a range of other terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems, Brazil leads the world in plant and amphibian species counts.
Why government has made for protecting wild animals?
The Wildlife Protection Act
The Government of India enacted Wildlife (Protection) Act 1972 with the objective to effectively protect the wild life of this country and to control poaching, smuggling and illegal trade in wildlife and its derivatives.
How many wildlife are there in India?
There are 565 existing wildlife sanctuaries in India covering an area of 122560.85 km2, which is 3.73% of the geographical area of the country (National Wildlife Database, May. 2022). Another 218 sanctuaries are proposed in the Protected Area Network Report covering an area of 16,829 km2.
Who is the largest animal of India?
The Great Indian Elephant is the biggest herbivore wild animal. The big animal habitat spread all over India and neighbor countries, Periyar national park in Kerala is one of the major park famous for the largest population of elephant in India.
How many types of wildlife are there?
Estimates on the true number of species varies. The most widely-cited estimate is 8.7 million species (but this ranges from around 5 to 10 million).
Who pays for most wildlife conservation in this country?
Summary of Findings
In summary, approximately 95% of federal, 88% of nonprofit, and 94% of total funding for wildlife conservation and management come from the non-hunting public.
What is the government doing to protect endangered species?
Endangered Species Day – May 20, 2022
The US Endangered Species Act (ESA) is our nation’s most effective law to protect at-risk species from extinction, with a stellar success rate: 99% of species listed on it have avoided extinction.
How can we save wildlife 10 points?
Top 10 Ways to Protect Wildlife While Staying at Home
- Acquaint Yourself with Endangered Species in your Locality.
- Use Recycled Products.
- Avoid Throwing Chemicals or Plastics into Rivers and Seas.
- Report Hunting or Harassment of Endangered Species.
- Avoid Purchasing Products Made From Animal Fur or Skin.
Why is wildlife important to us?
Animal, plant and marine biodiversity keeps ecosystems functional. Healthy ecosystems allow us to survive, get enough food to eat and make a living. When species disappear or fall in number, ecosystems and people—especially the world’s poorest—suffer.
Which is the first wildlife sanctuary in India?
The first sanctuary or national park established in India is Manas National Park or Manas Wildlife Sanctuary which is many in one -a national park, UNESCO Natural World Heritage site, a Project Tiger reserve, an elephant reserve and a biosphere reserve in Assam, India.
Which is largest wildlife sanctuary in India?
Ranthambore National Park, Rajasthan
The Ranthambore National Park, located in the state of Rajasthan, is the largest wildlife sanctuary in India. It serves as a national reserve for the tigers.
How many chapters are there in Wildlife Protection Act?
The Act consists of 60 Sections and VI Schedules- divided into Eight Chapters. The Wildlife Protection Act, 1972 empowers the central and state governments to declare any area a wildlife sanctuary, national park or closed area.
What is protected area in Wildlife Protection Act?
Protected Area (PA) has been defined in the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 (WLPA). Section 2(24A) says: “Protected Area” means a National Park, Sanctuary, Conservation / Community Reserve. These are notified under Chapter IV of the WLPA titled “Protected Areas”.
What are the features of Wild Life Protection Act, 1972?
i) The wild animal becomes too dangerous for humans or; ii) is disabled or suffering from a disease from which it cannot recover. 2. Prohibition of Cutting/Uprooting Certain Plants: It does not permit the uprooting, damaging, possessing or selling of any specified plant from any forest land or any protected area.
Which country has most beautiful animals?
The Best 8 Places To See Some of the World’s Most Majestic Animals Up Close
- Addo Elephant Park, South Africa.
- Kanha Tiger Reserve, India.
- Kinabatangan River, Borneo.
- Corcovado National Park, Costa Rica.
- Kangaroo Island, Australia.
- The Pantanal, Brazil.
- Tibetan Plateau, China.
- Kaeng Krachan National Park, Thailand.
Which is the largest wildlife sanctuary in the world?
Extending across nearly half of all of Greenland, Northeast Greenland National Park is the largest of its kind in the world. Established in 1974, Greenland’s only national park is said to be 77 times larger than Yellowstone National Park and protects 375,000 square miles of a designated international biosphere reserve.
Which state of India has maximum number of wildlife sanctuaries?
The union territory of Andaman and Nicobar Island has the maximum number of wildlife sanctuaries. According to National Wildlife Database, Andaman and Nicobar Island has 96 wildlife sanctuaries.
Which is the smallest wildlife sanctuary in India?
Mayureshwar Wildlife Sanctuary
|Mayureswar Wildlife Sanctuary|
|Area||5.14 km2 (1.98 sq mi)|
How has India tried to protect wildlife?
Steps Taken By Indian Government to Protect Biodiversity
In the Wildlife Protection Act of 1972, GOI created Protected Areas like National Parks, Sanctuaries, Conservation Reserves and Community Reserves for the wildlife and imposed punishments on those indulged in illegal act of hunting.
Which is our national animal?
The magnificent tiger, Panthera tigris is a striped animal. It has a thick yellow coat of fur with dark stripes. The combination of grace, strength, agility and enormous power has earned the tiger its pride of place as the national animal of India.
Who is the fastest animal in India?
Black buck is the fastest running animal in the world after cheetah.
Which animal found only in India?
Name some endemic species of India.
Asiatic Lion in Gir Forest, Lion-tailed Macaque in Western Ghats of India, Nilgiri Tahr, Malabar large spotted civet, Nilgiri Blue Robin, Jerdon’s Corser, Nilgai, Nicobar megapode are some of the species of animals endemic to India.
Is India rich in wildlife?
India’s forest lands nurture about 500 species of mammals and more than 2000 bird species. India is one of the most biodiverse regions of the world and contains three of the world’s 36 biodiversity hotspots – the Western Ghats, the Eastern Himalayas, and the Indo-Burma hotspot.
What can hunter provide to help wildlife managers?
Hunters play an important role by providing information from the field that wildlife managers need. Revenue from hunting licenses is a primary source of funding for wildlife management and has helped many game and non-game species recover from dwindling populations.
Why is it called fish and wildlife?
“Having the name ‘game’ was a relic,” said Huffman, a former Democratic state lawmaker from San Rafael who will be sworn in as a new member of Congress on Thursday. “Even states like Texas and Montana, where hunting and fishing are sacred, they evolved to ‘fish and wildlife’ long ago.”
How do wildlife reserves make money?
Some of the ways that wildlife conservation efforts are funded include: Federal budget appropriations. Clean energy and climate legislation. Leases for energy production that occurs on public land or offshore.
What is the most important factor affecting wildlife survival?
The most critical aspect of wildlife conservation is habitat management. Habitat loss presents the greatest threat to wildlife. Five essential elements must be present to provide a viable habitat: food, water, cover, space, and arrangement. The need for food and water is obvious.
Why should the government protect wildlife?
By conserving wildlife, we’re ensuring that future generations can enjoy our natural world and the incredible species that live within it. To help protect wildlife, it’s important to understand how species interact within their ecosystems, and how they’re affected by environmental and human influences.
What steps have been taken to protect wildlife?
The Wild Life Protection Act, 1972, has several provisions for the conservation of wildlife. As many as 165 game sanctuaries and 21 national parks have been developed to protect the natural habitat and wild animals. Apart from this, a Wild Life Conservation Week is also celebrated from 1st to 7th October every year.
What are the 10 importance of wildlife?
The importance of wildlife can be categorized as ecological , economic and investigatory importance as well as conservation of biological diversities etc . Animals have also been highly useful to us in providing food , clothing and source of income . Our life is almost impossible without the support of wildlife .
Why is wildlife managed?
One goal of wildlife management is to keep the population low enough through hunting so the crash level is not reached. Reducing the impact of this boom and bust cycle prevents death and suffering of the species involved, while also preventing habitat degradation and waste of the wildlife resource.
What are the five values of wildlife?
Biodiversity – Bush-meat – Consumptive use – Ecology – Economic importance – Economy – Non-consumptive use – Nutritional value – Socio-cultural significance – Wildlife – Wildlife habitats. – existence value: value of ethical feelings of existence of wildlife.